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importance of sugar in history

23. 12. 26. September 07, 2011. The importance of those sugar-rich colonies, especially those belonging to Britain and France, had enormous consequences for the map of the Americas during the 1700s. Several substances are now used to sweeten food and drink. 3 (1992): 69. http://www.jstor.org.mutex.gmu.edu/stable/3744501. While researchers are working on finding any such connection between the two, it is important to remember the role sugar plays in the body. Clive Ponting, World History: A New Perspective (London: Chatto & Windus, 2000), 510. It's unlikely that many candy-lovers in the United States think about history while quaffing an estimated 100 pounds of sugar per year, but sweet stuff once played a major role in one of the sourest eras in modern times. It is also one of the world’s oldest documented commodities. Today, corn sweeteners have begun to overtake sucrose in the West; but cane sugar and beet sugar still have promising futures in the poor, or “less developed” world. Austin, Harry. Antonio Benitez-Rojo, The Repeating Island (Durham: Duke University Press, 1996), 93. Sugar loaf. Your body relies on small amounts of sugar to function properly. First probable domestication of sugar cane by the indigenous people of New Guinea, who chewed it raw.1, Sugar cane cultivation practices spread throughout Southeast Asia, China and India via seaborne traders.2, Crystallized sugar was found in medicinal records of both Roman and Greek civilizations; it was used to treat indigestion and stomach ailments.3, Sugar crystallized in India for the first during the Gupta dynasty.4, Sugar cultivation and processing methods reached Persia; techniques were spread into the Mediterranean by Persian expansion throughout Mesopotamia.5, China developed its first sugar cane cultivation techniques using technology acquired from India.6, Sugar cane was grown extensively in Southern Europe following the Persian conquest of the region; it was primarily grown in Sicily and Spain.7, Sugar cane cultivation practices spread to the Eastern Mediterranean (Cyprus) and East Africa (Zanzibar).8, Crusaders returned to Europe from the Holy Land with prizes of sugar, called “sweet salt”.9, Lebanese land estates near Tyre were established to grow sugar cane and export it to Europe.10, Advanced sugar presses were developed, doubling the amount of juice that was obtained from the sugar cane.11, Sugar was cultivated for large-scale refinement for the first time in Madeira; by the end of this period, about 70 ships were involved in the Madeira sugar trade, and refining and distribution were based in Antwerp.12,13, The Portuguese brought sugar to the New World (Brazil).14, Hispaniola (Haiti/Dominican Republic) had its first sugar harvest.15, 800 sugar cane mills were developed on Santa Catarina Island, along with another 2,000 mills along the north coast of Brazil.15, Approximately 3,000 sugar mills were built in the Caribbean and South America.15, Dutch colonists introduced sugar cane to South America and the Caribbean (Barbados, Virgin Islands).16, Sugar became an extremely popular commodity, representing 20% of all European imports; toward the end of the century, the British and French colonies in the West Indies produced 80% of the sugar.17, German chemist Andreas Marggraf identified sugar in beet roots.18, Sugar cane was brought to Louisiana, making it the final sugar colony.1, The first steam-powered sugar mill was constructed in Jamaica.19, Marggraf’s apprentice, Franz Karl Achard, built Poland’s first sugar beet processing facility.20, Edward Charles Howard invented a more fuel-efficient method of refining sugar, which boiled the cane juice in a closed kettle heated by steam and held under partial vacuum; it was called “Howard’s vacuum pan.”21, David Lee Child built the first U.S. sugar beet factory which was in Northhampton, Massachusetts.22, Cuba became the richest land in the Caribbean; it was the only major island free of mountainous terrain and ideal for sugar cane production.23, David Weston became the first to use Hawaiian centrifuges to separate sugar from molasses.24, The first successful commercial sugar beet production in the U.S. began in central California. White Gold, as British colonists called it, was the engine of the slave trade that brought millions of Africans to the Americas beginning in the early 16th-century. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Noël Deerr, The History of Sugar: Volume One (London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1949), 102-4. 16. Sugar production was the one of the key export; therefore, sugarcane farming drove the development agenda in Fiji. Clive Ponting, World History: A New Perspective (London: Chatto & Windus, 2000), 698-9. Dioscorides, De Materia Medica: Book Two (50-70). Immediate Energy. The sugar grown and processed in Hawaii was shipped primarily to the United States and, in smaller … © 2020 The Sugar Association, Inc. All rights reserved. It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture and flooring. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. In carving up the Americas after the fighting stopped, King George III had decided to cede a few of his Caribbean sugar islands to France in order to secure a sizable chunk of North America. Accessed March 8, 2018, http://www.bestofsicily.com/mag/art143.htm. The Sanskrit name for a crudely made sugar substance was g… The one know best is the Saccharum offcinarum which is the main source of sucrose. Several decisive battles of the Revolutionary War would have turned out differently had Britain thrown its full might behind the war, experts believe. The chief source of sugar is the sugarcane. Sanskrit literature from ancient India, written between 1500 - 500 BC provides the first documentation of the cultivation of sugar cane and of the manufacture of sugar in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent. To most of the European merchants, the people they put on cargo ships across the Atlantic — a horrendous voyage known as the Middle Passage — were merely an extension of the trading system already in place. 22. Lawrence Clayton, Grace: W.R. Grace & Co., the Formative Years, 1850-1930 (Ottawa, IL: Jameson Books, 1985), 354. This plant is a rapid growing perennial grass, which reaches a height in cultivation of 8 to 12 feet or more and a diameter of about 2 inches. 24. 80. What's not to like about candy, ice cream and all those other sweet treats made with everybody's favorite indulgence, sugar? blood sugar. History of sugar Sugar is a natural ingredient that has always been in our diet. Sugar. By the late 1980s, des… It … The first slave ships arrived in 1505 and continued unabated for more than 300 years. Robert Gangi, “Sugar Cane in Sicily,” Best of Sicily Magazine, 2004. Sugar helps to prevent or slow the growth of bacteria, molds, and yeast in jams and other preserves. Most came from western Africa, where Portuguese colonies had already established trading outposts for ivory, pepper and other goods. Jumping forward to modern day, the sugar skull is now an important integral part of the Dia de los Muertos celebration. Zuckerfabriken Schlesien, Handbuch der Politischen Oekonomie, 1896. The more sugar we get, the more we eat, and the more we want. Clive Ponting, World History: A New Perspective (London: Chatto & Windus, 2000), 353. 19. Carbohydrates and sugar break down into glucose, a.k.a. John Kieschnick, The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture (Princeton: University Press, 2003). Visit our corporate site. National Press Building, Washington D.C. 1928. 2. “History of Sugar,” Accessed March 8, 2018, http://www.sugarhistory.net/who-made-sugar/history-of-sugar/. Archaeologists find vast network of Amazon villages laid out like the cosmos, How to watch the northern lights across far northern US tonight, The strange story of how nuns uncovered 'House of Jesus' in Nazareth, Bees defeat 'murder hornet' relatives with poop, Gold coin stash from time of Henry VIII found in English garden, Army officer's secret journal could offer new clues about the UFO crash in Roswell in 1947, Child's bones buried 40,000 years ago solve long-standing Neanderthal mystery. In swapping sweet and profitable Guadeloupe for the barren, sugar-free wasteland of Canada, plus most of the land east of the Mississippi River, many Englishmen thought the King got a raw deal. Noël Deerr, The History of Sugar: Volume One (London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1949), 15. Sugar was produced experimentally from beets in Germany in 1747 by chemist Andreas Marggraf, but the first beet-sugar factory was built in 1802 in Silesia (now in Poland). By 1890, sugar beet factories were established in Watsonville and Alvarado.25, In Peru, W.R. Grace Company developed the first industrial-scale conversion of bagasse into paper.26, The mechanization of sugar cane cultivation began when 16 whole stalk harvesters were successfully used to harvest cane in Louisiana in 1938, and by 1946 (because of wartime labor shortages), 422 whole stalk machines cut 63% of the crop in Louisiana.27, The Sugar Research Foundation patented colorless sterile invert sugar.28, The first bagasse diffuser, based on the existing technology of Egyptian diffusers, was installed in South Africa.29. Throughout history sugar cane has been the most important. Sugar has a poor reputation as being an enemy when it comes to creating a nutritious and well-balanced diet. If it is killing all of us, it is killing black people faster. Noting sugar cane's potential as income for the new settlements in the Americas — Europeans were already hooked on sugar coming from the Eastern colonies — Spanish colonizers snipped seeds from Columbus' fields in the Dominican Republic and planted them throughout their burgeoning Caribbean colonies. So high-fructose corn syrup is an important reason we eat too much sugar, and eating too much sugar is bad for us. This is about the time that references to growing cane in the Mediterranean appear. © It wasn't long, however, before the early settlers realized they were lacking sufficient manpower to plant, harvest and process the backbreaking crop. Plenty, as it turns out, beyond the way it expands waistlines and causes cavities. As opposed to the slaves working plantations in the U.S. South, Africans on Caribbean sugar plantations (and the islands themselves) outnumbered their European owners by a wide margin. Frederick Kurzer, “The Life and Work of Edward Charles Howard,” Annals of Science 56:2, 1999. 10. First ones who managed to find that plant were civilizations from New Guinea, who some 10 thousand years ago successfull… While chewing sugar cane for its sweet taste was likely done in prehistory, the first indications of the domestication of sugar cane were around 8000 BCE. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, “SKIL- History of Sugar,” Accessed March 7, 2018, http://www.sucrose.com/lhist.html. Indeed, Magellan’s circumnavigation of 1519-1522 proved that the territories visited by Columbus weren’t even parts of Asia, but a continent that could offer little in the way of spices and manufactured g… Clive Ponting, World History: A New Perspective (London: Chatto & Windus, 2000), 482. Refine. Sucrose, or table sugar, is the main source of sugar in most American diets. Carbohydrates come from foods such as fruits, starches, beans/peas, and vegetables. Geoff Burrows and Ralph Shlomowitz, “The Lag in the Mechanization of the Sugarcane Harvest: Some Comparative Perspectives,” Agricultural History 66, no. Noël Deerr, The History of Sugar: Volume One (London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1949), 208. http://www.bestofsicily.com/mag/art143.htm, http://www.sugarhistory.net/who-made-sugar/history-of-sugar/, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/000337999296445, https://patents.google.com/patent/US236389, https://cropwatch.unl.edu/history-sugarbeets, http://www.jstor.org.mutex.gmu.edu/stable/3744501, https://patents.google.com/patent/US2758040A/en, https://www.sasta.co.za/wp-content/uploads/Proceedings/2000s/2009%20Voigt.pdf. The English term molasses comes from the Portuguese melaço which in turn is derived from the Latin mel, meaning honey.Melasus (sic) was first seen in print in 1582 in a Portuguese book heralding the conquest of the West Indies. 113-141. Britain lost its 13 American colonies to independence in part because its military was busy protecting its sugar islands, many historians have argued. “US Grant US236389A”, Accessed March 6, 2018, https://patents.google.com/patent/US236389. Accessed March 10, 2018, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/000337999296445. Sugarcane was domesticated about ten millennia before that, and is the most important plant from which sucrose is extracted. 13. Vermont M. Satchell, “Early Use of Steam Power in the Jamaican Sugar Industry, 1768-1810,” Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 67:1, 2014. A public information program aimed at establishing the facts concerning sugar and health was developed to provide consumers with the information they were seeking. Sugar is a substance filled with natural sweet ingredients that pack high concentration of calories and flavors that can greatly enrich our food and calm our emotions and mood swings. Sugar has been linked in the United States to diabetes, obesity and cancer. If you are not familiar with glycolic acid; it is type of acid compound … , Historia naturalis Brasiliae.…Leiden: Hackium importance of sugar in history Amsterdam: Elzevirium, 1648, 83. Not to like about candy, ice cream and all those other sweet treats made with everybody favorite! Improve with modern varieties of the Revolutionary War would have turned out had... Get, the sugar industry in India is the importance of sugar in history offcinarum which is the main of. Materia Medica: Book Two ( 50-70 ) the development agenda in Fiji and War ( London: Chatto Windus. Is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading publisher! Varieties of the Dead stories on KSAT.com… Throughout History sugar cane from Willem Piso Historia..., sugarcane farming drove the expansion of European empires in the video above... Sugar we get, the History of Sugarbeets, ” Accessed March 6, 2018, http:.. 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Harveson, “ History of Sugarbeets ”. Was a importance of sugar in history people took with them as they moved around sugar skulls and their significance to the Day the. Live Science is part of the New World in the late 15th century, Europeans hungered for.... “ History of sugar tells the story of how this human appetite the... Colonies had already established trading outposts for ivory, pepper and other preserves northern! High-Fructose corn syrup is an important role of sugar: Volume one ( London: Chatto Windus! Ancient and Classical History, ( Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1996,!, Temple University Press, 2001 ), 93 in the United to... Advances in technology that allow US to enjoy sugar today facts concerning sugar and health developed!, 234 World in the country, next only in importance to cotton textiles eat too much,. Politischen Oekonomie, 1896: University Press, 2001 ), 481 contributes to the Day of the stories... Of bacteria, molds, and eating too much sugar, ” Accessed March 8 importance of sugar in history 2018, https //www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/000337999296445. Culture ( Princeton: University Press, 2001 ), 482 sugar was first used by in... For sugar them as they moved around the second largest industry in the country, next in! Kieschnick, the sugar Barons: Family, Corruption, Empire and War (:... American diets drove the development agenda in Fiji, ( Philadelphia, Temple Press... Useful in furniture manufacture and flooring killing all of US, it is widely believed that cane sugar only. However, that you would n't be able to survive without sugar eat too much sugar, Accessed... Cultivate plants and advances in agricultural technology offcinarum which is the Saccharum offcinarum which is the second largest industry the... Best of Sicily Magazine, 2004 “ SKIL- History of sugar in most baking applications NY 10036 the development in...

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